Mongolia – 2006 – 500 Togrog – 800th Ann. Mongolian State Black Pennant Chinggis Khan Silver (PROOF)

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25 gram .925 silver, 38.61 mm, mintage 2500 pieces

?Eight hundred years ago in 1206, nomadic Mongolian tribes formed the grand assemble Ikh Khuraldai, through which
the united state was declared under the banner of Chinggis Khan ? our Man of the Millennium.? In his speech on the
occasion of the opening of the anniversary year, President Nambaryn Enkhbayar very clearly stressed the significance of
the festivities to the Mongolian Republic.

As a lasting memento of the anniversary, the Bank of Mongolia is presenting a set of two silver coins bearing illustrations
that are steeped in history. In Chinggis Khan?s time the nine white pennants were the national emblem for the nine main
clans of the Empire. Today they are the symbol of the Mongolian State in the parliament in Ulaanbaatar. The three peaks
at the tip of the pennants represent moon, sun and flame, and are intended to symbolise the strengths of the Mongolians.
The moon represents the past, the sun the present and the flame the future of the Mongolian Empire.

The black pennant was the Mongolian symbol of war. Comprising one hair from the horse of each cavalryman, they
served as the battlefield sign that marked the Mongolian camp. Today the black pennant still symbolises the joint
strength to the Mongolian Army. Once a year standing next to the pennant at its secret storage location, the entire
leadership of the Mongolian army swears to uphold the unity of the nation, and remembers in so doing the deeds of
Chinggis Khan.

Chinggis Khan was born with the name of Temudjin around 1150. Although he never learned to read or write, he
demonstrated extraordinary organisational and administrative talent. Thanks to clever diplomacy, in 1206 he managed to
unite the clans of the Mongolian steppe riders, who had previously been at complete odds with one another. They
appointed him as Great Khan of all Mongolians and bestowed upon him the title of Chinggis Khan, ?Ruler between the
seas?.

The newly empowered Chinggis Khan soon dictated a law of equality and, with a powerful army and an efficient dispatch
and intelligence service, laid down the foundations for his successful conquests. Its fighting spirit, superior tactics and the
dangerous reflex arch enabled the Mongolian cavalry to defeat the adversarial armies one after the other. At the time of
Chinggis Khan?s death on 18 August 1227, the Mongolian Empire stretched right from the Chinese Sea in the East to the
Caspian Sea and, under the reign of his sons who succeeded him, as far as Europe and the Middle East. With its area of
up 30 million km2 this was now the largest empire ever known in world history.

The current Mongolia (with approx 1.5 million km2 still four times larger than Germany) has been a parliamentary
democracy since 1992 and is one of the most stable states in Central Asia. The national anniversary festivities to honour
the foundation of the Great Mongolian State 800 years previously will extend over the entire year of 2006 and, as well as
a special session of parliament, will also include an international tourism exhibition, numerous folk festivals and scientific
congresses.